THE EVOLUTION OF TAMIL MUSIC

IN COMMEMORATION OF ABRAHAM PANDITHAR'S KARUNAMIRTHA SAGARAM
- CENTENARY CELEBRATION - (1917 - 2017)

SANGA KAALAM - The period of history of ancient Tamil Nadu (2BC - 2AD)

இசையொடு சிவணிய நரம்பின் மறை
ANCIENT MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Parai: One of the oldest drums used in South India. Kurunthokai, 2 BC - 2 AD (A classical Tamil poetic work) mentions that this instrument was used as an auspicious instrument in weddings.

Yaazh: This instrument was the ancestor of modern day Veena. It is mentioned in Thirukkural, Tamil poetry work from 200 BC. Silappadikaram (One of The Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature) mentions four kinds of Yaazhs.

SANGA KAALAM
ANCIENT LITERATURES

Tholkaapiyam - Earliest extent work of Tamil literature and a work on the grammar of the Tamil language.

Natrinai - A classical Tamil poetic work. It is a book of Ettuthokai, a Sangam Literature anthology. It contains 400 poems dealing with the five landscapes of Sangam poetry.

Kuruntokai - A classical Tamil poetic work. It is a book of Ettuthokai, a Sangam literature anthology. It contains poems dealing with matters of love and separation.

Ainkurunuru - A classical Tamil poetic work containing five hundred short poems. It is a book of Ettuthokai, a Sangam literature anthology.

Pathitrupathu - A classical Tamil Poetic Work. 'Pathitrupathu', means 'ten tens'.

Akananuru - A classical Tamil poetic work. It is a book of Ettuthokai, a Sangam literature anthology. It contains Akam (subjective) poems.

Purananuru - A classical Tamil poetic work. It is a book of Ettuthokai, a Sangam literature anthology. It is a treatise on Kingship.

Kalittokai - An anthology of 150 poems in Kali metre of varied length dealing with all phases and types of love experience.

Paripatal - A classical Tamil poetic work. It is a book of Ettuthokai, a Sangam literature anthology. It contains seventy poems on various deities.

Koothanool - Is an ancient trait on the art of dance.

SANGAM MARUVIYA KAALAM

SANGAM MARUVIYA KAALAM - Post Sangam or Ethical Period (2AD - 5AD)

பாவோ டணைதல் இசையென்றார் பண்ணென்றார்

Silappadikaram - It is one the five great epics of Tamil literature. A poet-prince, Ilango Adigal, wrote this work.

Manimekalai - It is one the five great epics of Tamil literature. The poet Chithalai Chathanar wrote this work.

Muthollaayiram - It is a poetry collection and the title implies that there were 2,700 poems out of which only 109 survived.




PALLAVA & CHOZHA - BAKTHI KAALAM - The medieval era on love & devotion to religious concepts (6AD - 16AD)

ஏழிசையாய் இசைப்பயனாய்

Tevaram & Thiruvasagam - Thevaram denotes the first seven volumes of the Tirumurai, the twelve - volume collection of Saiva devotional poetry.

Thiruvasagam - It is a volume of Tamil hymns and constitutes of eight volume of the Tirumurai.

Karaikal Ammaiyar - She is one of the greatest figures of early Tamil literature.

Civaka Cintamani - It is a classical epic poet. It is a jain religious epic authored by Tirutakkatevar.

Thirumanthiram - A Tamil Poetic work written by Thirumular and is the tenth volume of Tirumurai.

Azhwars - They were Tamil poet-saints who adopted devotion to God Vishnu.

PALLAVA & CHOZHA - BAKTHI KAALAM
SANGAM MARUVIYA KAALAM

NAYAKKAR & MARATHIYAR KAALAM - Post Bakthi period (16AD - 18AD)

நிதி சால சுகமா நின்ன சன்னதி சால சுகமா

Kumaraguruparar - A poet & Saivite ascetic

Arunagirinathar - A Tamil saint poet and authored Thiruppugazh

Folk Music - Traditional and rural music that was passed down through families and other social groups.

Tamil Trinities who contributed to the evolution of Tamil Music

  1. Arunachala Kavirayar - He was a Tamil Poet and a composer.
  2. Marimuththa Pillai - He was a composer.
  3. Muthu Thandavar - He was an early architect of the present day song format.

ABRAHAM PANDITHAR KAALAM - Period of Renaissance (19AD - 21AD)

கண்டேன் என் கண்குளிர கர்த்தனை இன்று

Karunamirthasagaram - 32 Melakarthas (They are parent ragas from which other ragas may be generated)

Devotional Music - Islamic Music, Buddhist Music, Jain Music, Christian Music, Hindu Music

Film Music - The evolution of Tamil music in cinema as part of import content of Cinema

Folk Music - Traditional and rural music that was passed down through families and other social groups.

Gaana Music - Music that is rooted in the culture of oppressed section of society, particularly, Northern Chennai.

Bharathidasan - He was a Tamil Poet and a rationalist and his writings served as a catalyst for the growth of the Dravidian movement in Tamil Nadu.

PALLAVA & CHOZHA - BAKTHI KAALAM